Revolving back to the basics in cardiopulmonary resuscitation

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Abstract

Since the 1970s, most of the research and debate regarding interventions for cardiopulmonary arrest have focused on advanced life support (ALS) therapies and early defibrillation strategies. During the past decade, however, international guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have not only emphasized the concept of uninterrupted chest compressions, but also improvements in the timing, rate and quality of those compressions. In essence, it has been a "revolution" in resuscitation medicine in terms of "coming full circle" to the 1960s when basic CPR was first developed. Recent data have indicated the need for minimally-interrupted chest compressions with an accompanying emphasis toward removing rescue ventilation altogether in sudden cardiac arrest, at least in the few minutes after a sudden unheralded collapse. In other studies, transient delays in defibrillation attempts and ALS interventions are even recommended so that basic CPR can be prioritized to first restore and maintain better coronary artery perfusion. New devices have now been developed to modify, in real-time, the performance of basic CPR, during both training and an actual resuscitative effort. Several new adjuncts have been created to augment chest compressions or enhance venous return and evolving technology may now be able to identify ventricular fibrillation (VF) without interrupting chest compressions. A renewed focus on widespread CPR training for the average person has also returned to center stage with ground-breaking training initiatives including validated video-based adult learning courses that can reliably teach and enable long term retention of basic CPR skills and automated external defibrillator (AED) use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-305
Number of pages5
JournalMinerva Anestesiologica
Volume75
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2009

Keywords

  • Adult education
  • Automated defibrillator, AED
  • Cardiopulmonary arrest
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, CPR
  • First aid training
  • Rescue breathing
  • Sudden cardiac death
  • Video-based self-instruction, VSI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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