Risk factors and antibiotic therapy in P. aeruginosa community-acquired pneumonia

Oriol Sibila, Elena Laserna, Diego Jose Maselli, Juan Felipe Fernandez, Eric M. Mortensen, Antonio Anzueto, Grant Waterer, Marcos I. Restrepo

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objective Current guidelines recommend empirical treatment against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients with specific risk factors. However, evidence to support these recommendations is limited. We evaluate the risk factors and the impact of antimicrobial therapy in patients hospitalized with CAP due to P. aeruginosa. Methods We performed a retrospective population-based study of >150 hospitals. Patients were included if they had a diagnosis of CAP and P. aeruginosa was identified as the causative pathogen. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using the presence of risk factors and 30-day mortality as the dependent measures. Results Seven hundred eighty-one patients with P. aeruginosa pneumonia were identified in a cohort of 62 689 patients with pneumonia (1.1%). Of these, 402 patients (0.6%) were included in the study and 379 (0.5%) were excluded due to health care-associated pneumonia or immunosuppression. In patients with CAP due to P. aeruginosa, 272 (67.8%) had no documented risk factors. These patients had higher rates of dementia and cerebrovascular disease. Empirical antibiotic therapy against P. aeruginosa within the first 48 h of presentation was independently associated with lower 30-day mortality in patients with CAP due to P. aeruginosa (hazard ratio (HR) 0.42, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.23-0.76) and in patients without risk factors for P. aeruginosa CAP (HR 0.40, 95% CI: 0.21-0.76). Conclusions Risk factor recommended by current guidelines only detect one third of the patients admitted with CAP due to P. aeruginosa. Risk factors did not define the whole benefit observed due to empirical therapy covering P. aeruginosa. Risk factors recommended by current guidelines only detect one third of the patients admitted with CAP due to P. aeruginosa. Not administrating antibiotics active against P. aeruginosa in the first 48 h increases 30-day mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)660-666
Number of pages7
JournalRespirology
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • antibiotic treatment
  • community-acquired pneumonia
  • risk factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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    Sibila, O., Laserna, E., Maselli, D. J., Fernandez, J. F., Mortensen, E. M., Anzueto, A., Waterer, G., & Restrepo, M. I. (2015). Risk factors and antibiotic therapy in P. aeruginosa community-acquired pneumonia. Respirology, 20(4), 660-666. https://doi.org/10.1111/resp.12506