Risk factors and prognostic significance of altered left ventricular geometry in preterm infants

Swati Choudhry, Amber Salter, Tyler W. Cunningham, Philip T. Levy, Brian P. Hackett, Gautam K. Singh, Mark C. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective:: Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) predicts adverse cardiac events in adults. We sought to determine the risk factors and prognostic significance of altered LV geometry in preterm infants. Study design:: In an echocardiographic, single-center, retrospective case-control study we investigated the risk factors and outcomes in patients with altered LV geometry (either increased left ventricular mass index (LVMI) or increased relative wall thickness (RWT)) from a cohort of 503 preterm infants ≤2 kg. Result:: Altered LV geometry was seen in 180 patients and was predicted by postnatal steroids and small for gestational age. Hospital stay was longer in the elevated RWT cases. Altered LV geometry resolved in 129 of the 131 cases with follow-up echocardiogram. Fifteen of 94 patients with elevated RWT died compared to 3/90 controls (P = 0.004). Conclusion:: Altered LV geometry in preterm infants is associated with postnatal steroid use and small for gestational age. Elevated RWT is associated with longer hospital stay and increased mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-549
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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