Risk factors for healthcare personnel infection with endemic coronaviruses (HKU1, OC43, NL63, 229E): Results from the Respiratory Protection Effectiveness clinical Trial (RESPECT)

Derek A.T. Cummings, Lewis J. Radonovich, Geoffrey J. Gorse, Charlotte A. Gaydos, Mary T. Bessesen, Alexandria C. Brown, Cynthia L. Gibert, Matthew D.T. Hitchings, Justin Lessler, Ann Christine Nyquist, Susan M. Rattigan, Maria C. Rodriguez-Barradas, Connie Savor Price, Nicholas G. Reich, Michael S. Simberkoff, Trish M. Perl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) presents a large risk to healthcare personnel (HCP). Quantifying the risk of coronavirus infection associated with workplace activities is an urgent need. Methods. We assessed the association of worker characteristics, occupational roles and behaviors, and participation in procedures with the risk of endemic coronavirus infection among HCP who participated in the Respiratory Protection Effectiveness Clinical Trial (ResPECT), a cluster randomized trial to assess personal protective equipment to prevent respiratory infections and illness conducted from 2011 to 2016. Results. Among 4689 HCP seasons, we detected coronavirus infection in 387 (8%). HCP who participated in an aerosol-generating procedure (AGP) at least once during the viral respiratory season were 105% (95% confidence interval, 21%–240%) more likely to be diagnosed with a laboratory-confirmed coronavirus infection. Younger individuals, those who saw pediatric patients, and those with household members <5 years of age were at increased risk of coronavirus infection. Conclusions. Our analysis suggests that the risk of HCP becoming infected with an endemic coronavirus increases approximately 2-fold with exposures to AGPs. Our findings may be relevant to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic; however, SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, may differ from endemic coronaviruses in important ways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E4428-E4432
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume73
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

Keywords

  • 229E
  • Aerosol generating procedure
  • Coronavirus
  • HKU1
  • NL63
  • OC43
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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