Risk factors for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in diabetic foot infections

Lawrence A. Lavery, Javier La Fontaine, Kavita Bhavan, Paul J. Kim, Jayme R. Williams, Nathan A. Hunt

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22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate risk factors for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in patients hospitalized for diabetic foot infections. Methods: We reviewed hospital admissions for foot infections in patients with diabetes which had nasal swabs, and anaerobic and aerobic tissue cultures at the time of admission. Data collected included patient characteristics and medical history to determine risk factors for developing an MRSA infection in the foot. Results: The prevalence of MRSA in these infections was 29.8%. Risk factors for MRSA diabetic foot infections were history of MRSA foot infection, MRSA nasal colonization, and multidrug-resistant organisms (p<0.05). Positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of nasal colonization with MRSA to identify MRSA diabetic foot infections were 66.7% and 80.0% (sensitivity 41%, specificity 90%). Admission from a nursing home was not a significant risk factor. Conclusion: Positive nasal swabs are not predictive of the infecting agent; however, a negative nasal swab rules out MRSA as the infecting agent in foot wounds with 90% accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number23575
JournalDiabetic Foot and Ankle
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2014

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Keywords

  • Diabetic foot
  • Infection
  • MRSA
  • Ulcer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Podiatry

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