Purpose: We report our experience with recurrence of pelvic organ prolapse after native tissue repair for stage 2 anterior prolapse. Materials and Methods: We reviewed a prospectively maintained, institutional review board approved database of women with symptomatic stage 2 anterior prolapse who underwent vaginal repair with anterior vaginal wall suspension between 1996 and 2014. Women with concurrent pelvic organ prolapse repair or hysterectomy or without 1 year followup were excluded from analysis. Failure was defined as stage 2 or greater prolapse recurrence on examination or reoperation for symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse. Outcome measures included validated questionnaires (Urogenital Distress Inventory-short form, quality of life), physical examination, standing voiding cystourethrogram at 6 months postoperatively, further surgery for pelvic organ prolapse in other compartments or for secondary stress urinary incontinence or fecal incontinence, and complications. Results: A total of 121 women met the study inclusion criteria with a mean followup of 5.8 ± 3.7 years. Prolapse recurrence rates were isolated anterior 7.4%, isolated apical 10.7%, isolated posterior 8.3% and multiple compartments 19%. Surgery for recurrent prolapse included anterior compartment 3.3% at 1.4 ± 1.0 years, apical 9.9% at 2.8 ± 3.0 years, posterior compartment 5.8% at 2.0 ± 1.0 years and multiple compartments 17.4% at 3.2 ± 3.3 years. There was a 1.6% rate of intraoperative complications and a 5.7% rate of 30-day complications (all Clavien I). Conclusions: Anterior vaginal wall suspension for symptomatic stage 2 anterior prolapse offers a native tissue vaginal repair with minimal morbidity and a low anterior recurrence rate at intermediate to long-term followup. However, 33% of patients required secondary prolapse compartment procedures from 0.6 to 13 years later, highlighting the importance of long-term followup.
- Pelvic organ prolapse
- Reconstructive surgical procedures
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