Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a very common disorder, and both medical and surgical treatments have shown outstanding results. Whereas proton pump inhibitors are the mainstay of treatment, laparoscopic fundoplication has become a very attractive alternative due to its efficacy and low morbidity. There are defined patient categories that may benefit more from laparoscopy than medical therapy, but a conclusive comparison between the two is lacking. Robotic laparoscopic fundoplication can be performed safely without increased morbidity. Potential advantages include enhanced precision, improved dexterity, and remote telesurgical applications. Disadvantages include increased cost and prolonged operative times. Further studies and more long-term outcome data are needed to fully evaluate the procedure. Robotic surgery is currently in its infancy and not cost effective but has a very promising future. With further development of automatization and miniaturization features, robotic surgery may prove more efficient than conventional laparoscopy.
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