Role of neuron soma firing in the restoration of neurotensin store in sympathetic preganglionic neuron terminals after stimulus-evoked depletion

E. Maher, B. Bachoo, C. Polosa

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have previously shown that prolonged preganglionic stimulation (e.g., 40 Hz 20 min) depletes the neurotensin (NT) store of preganglionic axon terminals in the stellate ganglion (SG) of the cat and that replenishment of the store requires several days. The present study investigates the mechanisms which control turnover of the NT store in sympathetic preganglionic axon terminals. NT content of the SG and of the preganglionic axons which innervate it was determined by radioimmunoassay in the anesthetized cat. This study shows that, during the 24 h after 40-Hz 20-min stimulation of the preganglionic input to the SG, the rate of NT accumulation proximal to a ligature on the stimulated input is three times that observed in the control. The poststimulus increase in NT accumulation rate is prevented by treatment with protein-synthesis inhibitors. When the centripetal propagation of action potentials from the stimulus site on the preganglionic axons is prevented by a tetrodotoxin bloxk applied locally during the stimulation period, the poststimulus increase in NT accumulation rate and the replenishment of the store are both prevented. These data suggest that the level of activity of the neuron regulates NT supply to the axon terminals, presumably by regulating NT synthesis. Thus, in the sympathetic preganglionic neuron, the action potential provides a mechanism for matching peptide synthesis to release.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-130
Number of pages5
JournalBrain Research
Volume640
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 21 1994

Fingerprint

Neurotensin
Carisoprodol
Neurons
Stellate Ganglion
Presynaptic Terminals
Action Potentials
Axons
Cats
Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
Tetrodotoxin
Radioimmunoassay
Ligation
Peptides

Keywords

  • Neuron activity
  • Neuropeptide
  • Neuropeptide turnover
  • Neurotensin synthesis
  • Stellate ganglion
  • Sympathetic preganglionic neuron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "Role of neuron soma firing in the restoration of neurotensin store in sympathetic preganglionic neuron terminals after stimulus-evoked depletion",
abstract = "We have previously shown that prolonged preganglionic stimulation (e.g., 40 Hz 20 min) depletes the neurotensin (NT) store of preganglionic axon terminals in the stellate ganglion (SG) of the cat and that replenishment of the store requires several days. The present study investigates the mechanisms which control turnover of the NT store in sympathetic preganglionic axon terminals. NT content of the SG and of the preganglionic axons which innervate it was determined by radioimmunoassay in the anesthetized cat. This study shows that, during the 24 h after 40-Hz 20-min stimulation of the preganglionic input to the SG, the rate of NT accumulation proximal to a ligature on the stimulated input is three times that observed in the control. The poststimulus increase in NT accumulation rate is prevented by treatment with protein-synthesis inhibitors. When the centripetal propagation of action potentials from the stimulus site on the preganglionic axons is prevented by a tetrodotoxin bloxk applied locally during the stimulation period, the poststimulus increase in NT accumulation rate and the replenishment of the store are both prevented. These data suggest that the level of activity of the neuron regulates NT supply to the axon terminals, presumably by regulating NT synthesis. Thus, in the sympathetic preganglionic neuron, the action potential provides a mechanism for matching peptide synthesis to release.",
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AU - Bachoo, B.

AU - Polosa, C.

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N2 - We have previously shown that prolonged preganglionic stimulation (e.g., 40 Hz 20 min) depletes the neurotensin (NT) store of preganglionic axon terminals in the stellate ganglion (SG) of the cat and that replenishment of the store requires several days. The present study investigates the mechanisms which control turnover of the NT store in sympathetic preganglionic axon terminals. NT content of the SG and of the preganglionic axons which innervate it was determined by radioimmunoassay in the anesthetized cat. This study shows that, during the 24 h after 40-Hz 20-min stimulation of the preganglionic input to the SG, the rate of NT accumulation proximal to a ligature on the stimulated input is three times that observed in the control. The poststimulus increase in NT accumulation rate is prevented by treatment with protein-synthesis inhibitors. When the centripetal propagation of action potentials from the stimulus site on the preganglionic axons is prevented by a tetrodotoxin bloxk applied locally during the stimulation period, the poststimulus increase in NT accumulation rate and the replenishment of the store are both prevented. These data suggest that the level of activity of the neuron regulates NT supply to the axon terminals, presumably by regulating NT synthesis. Thus, in the sympathetic preganglionic neuron, the action potential provides a mechanism for matching peptide synthesis to release.

AB - We have previously shown that prolonged preganglionic stimulation (e.g., 40 Hz 20 min) depletes the neurotensin (NT) store of preganglionic axon terminals in the stellate ganglion (SG) of the cat and that replenishment of the store requires several days. The present study investigates the mechanisms which control turnover of the NT store in sympathetic preganglionic axon terminals. NT content of the SG and of the preganglionic axons which innervate it was determined by radioimmunoassay in the anesthetized cat. This study shows that, during the 24 h after 40-Hz 20-min stimulation of the preganglionic input to the SG, the rate of NT accumulation proximal to a ligature on the stimulated input is three times that observed in the control. The poststimulus increase in NT accumulation rate is prevented by treatment with protein-synthesis inhibitors. When the centripetal propagation of action potentials from the stimulus site on the preganglionic axons is prevented by a tetrodotoxin bloxk applied locally during the stimulation period, the poststimulus increase in NT accumulation rate and the replenishment of the store are both prevented. These data suggest that the level of activity of the neuron regulates NT supply to the axon terminals, presumably by regulating NT synthesis. Thus, in the sympathetic preganglionic neuron, the action potential provides a mechanism for matching peptide synthesis to release.

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