Role of specific simian virus 40 sequences in the nuclease-sensitive structure in viral chromatin

R. D. Gerard, B. A. Montelone, C. F. Walter, J. W. Innis, W. A. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

A nuclease-sensitive region forms in chromatin containing a 273-base-pair (bp) segment of simian virus 40 DNA encompassing the viral origin of replication and early and late promoters. We have saturated this region with short deletion mutations and compared the nuclease sensitivity of each mutated segment to that of an unaltered segment elsewhere in the partially duplicated mutant. Although no single DNA segment is required for the formation of a nuclease-sensitive region, a deletion mutation (dl45) which disrupted both exact copies of the 21-bp repeats substantially reduced nuclease sensitivity. Deletion mutations limited to only one copy of the 21-bp repeats had little, if any, effect. A mutant (dl135) lacking all copies of the 21- and 72-bp repeats, while retaining the origin of replication and the TATA box, did not exhibit a nuclease-sensitive region. Mutants which showed reduced nuclease sensitivity had this effect throughout the nuclease-sensitive region, not just at the site of the deletion, indicating that although multiple determinants must be responsible for the nuclease-sensitive chromatin structure they do not function with complete independence. Mutant dl9, which lacks the late portion of the 72-bp segment, showed reduced accessibility to BglI, even though the BglI site is 146 bp away from the site of the deletion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-58
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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