In order to examine the function of the carboxyl terminus of UDP- GlcNAc:dolichol-P GlcNAc-1-P transferase (GPT), an endoplasmic reticulum enzyme that synthesizes GlcNAc-P-P-dolichol and, thus, catalyzes the committed step for N-linked glycosylation, a series of carboxyl-terminal truncation mutations was examined. Removal of the last 11 amino acids (398- 408) from GPT had no significant effect on catalytic activity, thermal stability, tunicamycin binding, reticular localization, or consumption of cellular dolichol-P. However, in the absence of residues 398-408, the removal of three additional residues (Phe395-Ser396-Ile397), or their change to Leu395-Met396-Trp397 fully eliminated enzyme expression in vivo. By reattaching residues 398-408 to Leu395-Met396-Trp397, expression was restored. Thus, the carboxyl-terminal region of GPT is essential for stable expression. Either of two sequences (395-397 and 398-408) is sufficient for expression, but neither is necessary. Expression of GPT in the absence of residues 398-408 specifically required the Phe395-Ser396- Ile397 sequence, since most scramble and termination mutations within this sequence were inhibitory. One scramble mutant (Ile395-Ser396-Phe397- Stop398) was enzymatically active, but unusually thermolabile. Thus, the function of Phe395-Ser396-Ile397 may be to stabilize GPT.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology