Objective. TSG101 was first described as a possible tumor suppressor gene in breast cancer. To determine whether TSG101 might play a role in cervical carcinogenesis, we examined a panel of cervical cancer cell lines and primary tumor specimens for transcript abnormalities and mutations in TSG101. Methods. Total RNA was derived from cell line cultures or primary tumor specimens. We performed nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) with eight overlapping primer sets, followed by single- strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) analysis, to screen for mutations in the TSG101 open reading frame. Representative normal and shifted SSCP bands were sequenced. To identify abnormal-sized transcripts, we performed RT-PCR with primers flanking the open reading frame followed by gel electrophoresis. Results. Mutational analysis was performed on cDNAs from 20 primary cervical tumors and 8 cervical carcinoma cell lines. Two polymorphisms were identified, neither of which resulted in an altered amino acid sequence. Transcript analysis was performed on a subset of 16 primary cervix tumors and 6 cervix carcinoma cell lines. The wild-type transcript (1228 bp) was the dominant transcript expressed in all samples. A transcript measuring 330 bp was detected in 5 of 6 cell lines and 11 of 16 primary tumor specimens. Conclusion. Our results suggest that mutations in TSG101 rarely occur in carcinomas of the uterine cervix. However, the presence of minor aberrant TSG101 transcripts is a common feature. The relationship between aberrant transcription and carcinogenesis should be further investigated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology