Rpn4 is a physiological substrate of the Ubr2 ubiquitin ligase

Li Wang, Xicheng Mao, Donghong Ju, Youming Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

The homeostatic abundance of the proteasome in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is controlled by a feedback circuit in which transcriptional activator Rpn4 up-regulates the proteasome genes and is destroyed by the assembled, active proteasome. Remarkably, the degradation of Rpn4 can be mediated by two independent pathways. One pathway is independent of ubiquitin, whereas the other involves ubiquitination on internal lysines. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism underlying the ubiquitin-dependent degradation of Rpn4. We demonstrated, through in vivo and in vitro assays, that Rpn4 is a physiological substrate of the Ubr2 ubiquitin ligase, which was originally identified as a sequence homolog of Ubr1, the E3 component of the N-end rule pathway. The ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme Rad6, which directly interacts with Ubr2, is also required for the ubiquitin-dependent degradation of Rpn4. Furthermore, we showed that deletion of UBR2 exhibited a strong synthetic growth defect with a mutation in the Rpt1 proteasome subunit when Rpn4 was overexpressed. This study not only identified the ubiquitination apparatus for Rpn4 but also unveiled the first physiological substrate of Ubr2. The biological significance of Ubr2-mediated degradation of Rpn4 is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55218-55223
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number53
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 31 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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