Safety and efficacy of olopatadine hydrochloride nasal spray for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis

Eli O. Meltzer, Frank C. Hampel, Paul H. Ratner, David I. Bernstein, Lawrence V. Larsen, William E. Berger, Albert F. Finn, Bradley F. Marple, Peter S. Roland, G. Michael Wall, Michael J. Brubaker, Carolyn Dimas, Susan L. Potts, Lewis H. Silver, J. Rod Barnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A nasal spray containing the antiallergy agent olopatadine hydrochloride is being developed for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR). Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of 2 concentrations of olopatadine nasal spray vs placebo in patients with SAR. Methods: This was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. After a 3- to 21-day placebo run-in, 565 patients aged 12 to 80 years were randomized to receive 0.4% or 0.6% olopatadine or placebo, 2 sprays per nostril twice daily for 2 weeks. Patients evaluated morning and evening reflective and instantaneous nasal symptoms (sneezing, stuffy nose, runny nose, and itchy nose, which compose the total nasal symptom score [TNSS]) and ocular symptoms and completed the Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ). Results: Olopatadine spray (0.4% and 0.6%) was significantly superior to placebo for percentage change from baseline in overall reflective (P = .004 and P < .001, respectively) and instantaneous (P = .02 and P = .003, respectively) TNSSs. Also, 0.6% olopatadine was significantly superior to placebo for reducing the reflective and instantaneous assessments of sneezing, runny and itchy nose, and itchy eyes; the instantaneous assessments of watery eyes; and the overall and all 7 domain scores of the RQLQ (P < .05). Olopatadine spray exhibited a safety profile comparable with that of placebo. Conclusions: Olopatadine nasal spray (0.4% and 0.6%) provided statistically significant improvements in allergic rhinitis symptoms compared with placebo regarding TNSSs (reflective and instantaneous) and in quality-of-life variables in patients with SAR. Olopatadine nasal spray administered twice daily was safe and well tolerated in adolescents and adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)600-606
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
Volume95
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy

Cite this

Meltzer, E. O., Hampel, F. C., Ratner, P. H., Bernstein, D. I., Larsen, L. V., Berger, W. E., Finn, A. F., Marple, B. F., Roland, P. S., Wall, G. M., Brubaker, M. J., Dimas, C., Potts, S. L., Silver, L. H., & Barnes, J. R. (2005). Safety and efficacy of olopatadine hydrochloride nasal spray for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis. Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, 95(6), 600-606.