Background: The short-term and long-term safety and efficacy of paclitaxel versus sirolimus-overlapping drug-eluting stents (DES) is unknown. We sought to examine the clinical consequences of overlapping sirolimus versus paclitaxel DES. Methods: We reviewed catheterization reports from April 2003 to May 2005 for all patients who underwent percutaneous coronary revascularization with DES. All patients were followed-up for at least 1 year. Patients were included if they received only 2 single-type overlapping stent (eg, sirolimus-sirolimus) during the index procedure. The end points included early (inhospital and 30-day) and late composite of all-cause mortality, stent thrombosis, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization. Results: A total of 282 individuals met our study criteria. Of these, 188 had sirolimus and 94 had paclitaxel-overlapping DES. There were 78 events for a median follow-up of 24 months for the composite end point. No statistically significant differences between overlapping sirolimus and paclitaxel DES were seen for inhospital, 30-day (16% vs 23%, respectively; P = .13), and long-term (25% vs 33%, respectively; P = .16) composite end points. In addition, in Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard analysis, no significant differences for the composite end point were noted. Conclusions: In this analysis, there were no significant differences in safety or efficacy between the 2 types of overlapping DES. Trends toward more events with overlapping paclitaxel stents should be evaluated in an adequately powered randomized controlled trial.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine