Safety of Rolled and Folded Cotton Blankets Warmed in 130 and 200°F Cabinets

Patricia A. Kelly, Elizabeth C. Morse, Joslin V. Swanfeldt, Amy N. Adams, Craig G. Crandall, Debby A. Rush, Mary L. Krogh, Susan K. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In 2014, ECRI recommended that blanket warming cabinets be set at a maximum temperature of 130°F because of safety concerns with warmed rolled and folded blankets. We could find no research to support this recommendation. Purpose: To measure skin temperatures and thermal comfort in healthy volunteers before and after application of folded and rolled dry cotton blankets warmed in 130°F or 200°F cabinets. Design: Randomized, descriptive, and comparative study. Methods: Participants (n = 20) received two blankets (one rolled and one folded) from warming cabinets set at 130°F or 200°F. Folded blankets were applied to the back and rolled to the neck. Skin temperatures and thermal comfort were obtained at fixed time intervals. Finding: Skin temperatures from blankets in the 200°F cabinet were greater than those in the 130°F cabinet. No skin temperatures reached temperature and/or duration thresholds for dermal injury. Conclusions: This study provides supportive evidence that warming cabinets may be set at a maximum of 200°F without compromising patient safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Perianesthesia Nursing
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

Fingerprint

Skin Temperature
Safety
Hot Temperature
Temperature
Patient Safety
Healthy Volunteers
Neck
Skin
Wounds and Injuries
Research

Keywords

  • Blanket warmer cabinet
  • Dermal injury
  • Skin temperatures
  • Thermal comfort
  • Warmed cotton blankets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medical–Surgical

Cite this

Kelly, P. A., Morse, E. C., Swanfeldt, J. V., Adams, A. N., Crandall, C. G., Rush, D. A., ... Cooper, S. K. (Accepted/In press). Safety of Rolled and Folded Cotton Blankets Warmed in 130 and 200°F Cabinets. Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jopan.2016.03.013

Safety of Rolled and Folded Cotton Blankets Warmed in 130 and 200°F Cabinets. / Kelly, Patricia A.; Morse, Elizabeth C.; Swanfeldt, Joslin V.; Adams, Amy N.; Crandall, Craig G.; Rush, Debby A.; Krogh, Mary L.; Cooper, Susan K.

In: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kelly, Patricia A. ; Morse, Elizabeth C. ; Swanfeldt, Joslin V. ; Adams, Amy N. ; Crandall, Craig G. ; Rush, Debby A. ; Krogh, Mary L. ; Cooper, Susan K. / Safety of Rolled and Folded Cotton Blankets Warmed in 130 and 200°F Cabinets. In: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing. 2016.
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AU - Adams, Amy N.

AU - Crandall, Craig G.

AU - Rush, Debby A.

AU - Krogh, Mary L.

AU - Cooper, Susan K.

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AB - Background: In 2014, ECRI recommended that blanket warming cabinets be set at a maximum temperature of 130°F because of safety concerns with warmed rolled and folded blankets. We could find no research to support this recommendation. Purpose: To measure skin temperatures and thermal comfort in healthy volunteers before and after application of folded and rolled dry cotton blankets warmed in 130°F or 200°F cabinets. Design: Randomized, descriptive, and comparative study. Methods: Participants (n = 20) received two blankets (one rolled and one folded) from warming cabinets set at 130°F or 200°F. Folded blankets were applied to the back and rolled to the neck. Skin temperatures and thermal comfort were obtained at fixed time intervals. Finding: Skin temperatures from blankets in the 200°F cabinet were greater than those in the 130°F cabinet. No skin temperatures reached temperature and/or duration thresholds for dermal injury. Conclusions: This study provides supportive evidence that warming cabinets may be set at a maximum of 200°F without compromising patient safety.

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KW - Warmed cotton blankets

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