Objectives: To assess the feasibility and safety of same day discharge (SDD) after chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Background: CTO PCI has been associated with higher complication rates and procedural and hospitalization costs. Shortening post-PCI hospitalization length not only increases the patients' comfort but at the same time it consists an important part of cost reduction policies. Methods: We retrospectively compared the 30-day outcomes of patients who underwent CTO PCI at the Red Cross Hospital, Greece between January 2016 and June 2019 and underwent SDD versus non-SDD. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were defined as the composite of death, myocardial infarction, urgent repeat target vessel revascularization, tamponade, and stroke. Results: A total of 173 patients (mean age 63.7 ± 8.9 years) were included, of whom 51 (30%) underwent SDD. SDD patients were less likely to have diabetes mellitus (51 vs. 31%, p =.015), arterial hypertension (89 vs. 67%, p <.001), and acute coronary syndrome presentation (39.7 vs. 21.6%, p =.022), compared with non-SDD patients. Forearm access was used in all SDD patients and in 83% of the non-SDD patients. The 30-day incidence of MACE was 0% in the SDD group and 1.6% in the non-SDD group. Multivariable analysis showed that diabetes mellitus and longer procedural time were associated with lower probability of SDD (OR: 0.34, 95% CI: 0.15, 0.73 and OR: 0.29, 95% CI: 0.12, 0.71, respectively). Conclusions: SDD appears to be feasible and safe in selected patients undergoing an uncomplicated CTO PCI through forearm approach.
- chronic total occlusion
- complex PCI
- health care policy
- percutaneous coronary intervention
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine