Background: As indications for liver resection expand, objective measures to assess the risk of peri-operative morbidity are needed. The impact of sarcopenia on patients undergoing liver resection for colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) was investigated. Methods: Sarcopenia was assessed in 259 patients undergoing liver resection for CRLM by measuring total psoas area (TPA) on computed tomography (CT). The impact of sarcopenia was assessed after controlling for clinicopathological factors using multivariate modelling. Results: Median patient age was 58 years and most patients (60%) were male. Forty-one (16%) patients had sarcopenia (TPA ≤ 500 mm). Post-operatively, 60 patients had a complication for an overall morbidity of 23%; 26 patients (10%) had a major complication (Clavien grade a). The presence of sarcopenia was strongly associated with an increased risk of major post-operative complications [odds ratio (OR) 3.33; P= 0.008]. Patients with sarcopenia had longer hospital stays (6.6 vs. 5.4 days; P= 0.03) and a higher chance of an extended intensive care unit (ICU) stay (>2 days; P= 0.004). On multivariate analysis, sarcopenia remained independently associated with an increased risk of post-operative complications (OR 3.12; P= 0.02). Sarcopenia was not significantly associated with recurrence-free [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.07] or overall (HR = 1.05) survival (both P > 0.05). Conclusions: Sarcopenia impacts short-, but not long-term outcomes after resection of CRLM. While patients with sarcopenia are at an increased risk of post-operative morbidity and longer hospital stay, long-term survival is not impacted by the presence of sarcopenia.
- colorectal cancer
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