Screening for depression and anxiety in cancer patients using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale

Brendan T. Carroll, Roger G. Kathol, Russell Noyes, Tina G. Wald, Gerald H. Clamon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

279 Scopus citations


Nine hundred and thirty inpatients and outpatients with cancer were approached to complete the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Eight hundred and nine (86.9%) of those approached participated in this screening. Using the suggested cutoff score of 8 for the anxiety and depression subscales, we found that 47.6% of this population would warrant further psychiatric evaluation. Twenty-three percent (23.1%) had scores 11 or greater and would be the most likely to have had anxiety (17.7%) or depressive (9.9%) disorders based on DSM-III-R criteria. Patients with active malignant disease and inpatient status were more likely to have higher depression scores. The HADS was an easily administered tool that identified a large proportion of cancer patients as having high levels of anxiety or depression. However, clinical psychiatric interviews were not performed, so it is not possible to determine what proportion of patients would benefit from treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-74
Number of pages6
JournalGeneral Hospital Psychiatry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1993


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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