The commonest site of primary dissection involving the visceral vessels is renal arteries; however, spontaneous bilateral renal artery dissection is an extremely rare entity. Spontaneous renal artery dissection (SRAD) is rarely a cause of renovascular hypertension. Segmental arterial mediolysis is a rare arteriopathy of unknown etiology which is a nonatherosclerotic and noninflammatory condition. We report a case of a 51-year-old male patient with spontaneous dissection of bilateral renal arteries with clinical, laboratory, and angiographic findings consistent with segmental artery mediolysis. Early diagnosis and treatment of this condition will decrease morbidity and mortality.
- Renal hypertension
- Segmental arterial mediolysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging