Cerebral revascularization, an indispensable component of neurovascular surgery, has been performed in the treatment of cranial base tumors, complex cerebral aneurysms, and occlusive cerebrovascular disease. The goal of a revascularization procedure is to augment blood flow distally. It can therefore be used as an adjunctive measure in the treatment of complex neurosurgical disease processes that require parent artery sacrifice for definitive treatment. In the treatment of giant anterior circulation aneurysms, for instance, a cerebral revascularization procedure may be considered in patients in whom the collateral circulation is marginal and in whom lesions may be treated either using a Hunterian-based strategy or clip-assisted reconstruction requiring a prolonged period of temporary occlusion. To date, there is no entirely effective method known to produce long-term tolerance to carotid artery (CA) sacrifice and, largely for that reason, some neurovascular surgeons advocate universal revascularization. The authors of this report, however, prefer to perform revascularization only in the limited subset of patients in whom preoperative assessment has revealed risk factors for cerebral ischemia due to hypoperfusion. In this paper, the authors introduce their protocol for assessing cerebrovascular reserve capacity, indications for cerebral revascularization in the treatment of complex anterior circulation aneurysms, and discuss their rationale for choosing to practice selective, rather than universal, revascularization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology