Selective disruption of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5-homer interactions mimics phenotypes of fragile X syndrome in mice

Weirui Guo, Gemma Molinaro, Katie A. Collins, Seth A. Hays, Richard Paylor, Paul F. Worley, Karen K. Szumlinski, Kimberly M. Huber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Altered function of the Gq-coupled, Group 1 metabotropic glutamate receptors, specifically mGlu5, is implicated in multiple mouse models of autism and intellectual disability. mGlu5 dysfunction has been most well characterized in the fragile Xsyndrome mouse model, the Fmr1 knock-out (KO) mouse, where pharmacological and genetic reduction of mGlu5 reverses many phenotypes. mGlu5 is less associated with its scaffolding protein Homer in Fmr1 KO mice, and restoration of mGlu5-Homer interactions by genetic deletion of a short, dominant negative of Homer, H1a, rescues many phenotypes of Fmr1 KO mice. These results suggested that disruption of mGlu5-Homer leads to phenotypes of FXS. To test this idea, we examined mice with a knock in mutation of mGlu5 (F1128R; mGlu5R/R) that abrogates binding to Homer. Although FMRP levels were normal, mGlu5R/R mice mimicked multiple phenotypes of Fmr1 KO mice, including reduced mGlu5 association with the postsynaptic density, enhanced constitutive mGlu5 signaling to protein synthesis, deficits in agonist-induced translational control, protein synthesis-independent LTD, neocortical hyperexcitability, audiogenic seizures, and altered behaviors, including anxiety and sensorimotor gating. These results reveal new roles for the Homer scaffolds in regulation of mGlu5 function and implicate a specific molecular mechanism in a complex brain disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2131-2147
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 17 2016

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Keywords

  • Fragile X syndrome
  • Homer
  • LTD
  • mGluR5
  • Protein synthesis
  • UP states

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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