Self-administered treatments for depression: A review

Nancy L. McKendree-Smith, Mark Floyd, Forrest R. Scogin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

99 Scopus citations


Although there are numerous self-help books for depression, relatively few have been empirically tested. However, those that have been used in clinical trials have fared well, with an average effect size roughly equivalent to the average effect size obtained in psychotherapy studies. Computer-based treatments are being developed and appear promising as an alternative to bibliotherapy for those interested in self-administered treatments. This article provides a summary of the depression bibliotherapy literature and discusses several remaining questions such as effectiveness versus efficacy, practice applications, ethics, and future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-288
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of clinical psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003


  • Bibliotherapy
  • Computer-based treatment
  • Depression
  • Self-administered treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology


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