Serotonin-induced disruption of implantation in the rat: II. Suppression of decidualization.

J. A. Mitchell, Robert E Hammer, H. Goldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Subcutaneous injection of serotonin (20 mg/kg) on Day 5 of pregnancy disrupts implantation in the rat as indicated by the reduction in number of live fetuses/cornu present on Day 19 (0.9 vs. 6.1, treated vs. control). Such disruption of implantation possibly results from impaired decidualization. To test for suppression of decidualization, serotonin was administered to pseudopregnant rats on the day before, on (Day 4) or after artificial induction of the decidual cell reaction. Relative to saline-treated controls (C), serotonin (S) reduced decidualization when injected either before [C: 1987 +/- 130 vs. S: 1085 +/- 155 mg (Day 3); P less than 0.005] or after [C: 1987 +/- 130 vs. S: 173 +/- 8 mg (Day 5); P less than 0.001] administration of the deciduogenic stimulus. In addition, serotonin markedly decreased uterine blood flow (C: 0.47 +/- 0.05 vs. S: 0.25 +/- 0.06 ml/min per g; P less than 0.01) during pseudopregnancy. However, serotonin altered neither the duration of luteal function in pseudopregnant rats (C: 15.3 vs. S: 14.3 days) nor serum progesterone levels (C: 74-91 vs. S: 53-82 ng/ml) in pregnant animals. It is concluded that serotonin may disrupt implantation, in part, by suppression of decidualization. The loss of endometrial competence to undergo decidualization appears to be a consequence of serotonin-induced uterine ischemia rather than impaired corpus luteum activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-156
Number of pages6
JournalBiology of reproduction
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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