Shared decision-making in atrial fibrillation: Patient-reported involvement in treatment decisions

Fatima Ali-Ahmed, Karen Pieper, Rebecca North, Larry A. Allen, Paul S. Chan, Michael D. Ezekowitz, Gregg C. Fonarow, James V. Freeman, Alan S. Go, Bernard J. Gersh, Peter R. Kowey, Kenneth W. Mahaffey, Gerald V. Naccarelli, Sean D. Pokorney, James A. Reiffel, Daniel E. Singer, Benjamin A. Steinberg, Eric D. Peterson, Jonathan P. Piccini, Emily C. O'Brien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: To determine the extent of shared decision-making (SDM), during selection of oral anticoagulant (OAC) and rhythm control treatments, in patients with newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods and results: We evaluated survey data from 1006 patients with new-onset AF enrolled at 56 US sites participating in the SATELLITE substudy of the Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation (ORBIT II). Patients completed surveys at enrolment and at 6-month follow-up. Patients were asked about who made their AF treatment decisions. Shared decision-making was classified as one that the patient felt was an autonomous decision or a shared decision with their healthcare provider (HCP). Approximately half of patients reported that their OAC treatment decisions were made entirely by their HCP. Compared with those reporting no SDM, patients reporting SDM for OAC were more often female (47.2% vs. 38.4%), while patients reporting SDM for rhythm control were more often male (62.2% vs. 57.6%). The most important factors cited by patients during decision-making for OAC were reducing stroke and bleeding risk, and their HCP's recommendations. After adjustment, patients with self-reported understanding of OAC, and rhythm control options, had higher odds of having participated in SDM [odds ratio (OR) 2.54, confidence interval (CI): 1.75-3.68 and OR 2.36, CI: 1.50-3.71, both P ≤ 0.001, respectively]. Conclusion: Shared decision-making is not widely implemented in contemporary AF practice. Patient understanding about available therapeutic options is associated with a more than a two-fold higher likelihood of SDM, and may be a potential target for future interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-272
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Patient-reported involvement in treatment decisions
  • Quality of care
  • Shared decision-making
  • Stroke prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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