Shear stress induces cell apoptosis via a c-Src-phospholipase D-mTOR signaling pathway in cultured podocytes

Chunfa Huang, Leslie A. Bruggeman, Lindsey M. Hydo, R. Tyler Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The glomerular capillary wall, composed of endothelial cells, the glomerular basement membrane and the podocytes, is continually subjected to hemodynamic force arising from tractional stress due to blood pressure and shear stress due to blood flow. Exposure of glomeruli to abnormal hemodynamic force such as hyperfiltration is associated with glomerular injury and progressive renal disease, and the conversion of mechanical stimuli to chemical signals in the regulation of the process is poorly understood in podocytes. By examining DNA fragmentation, apoptotic nuclear changes and cytochrome c release, we found that shear stress induced cell apoptosis in cultured podocytes. Meanwhile, podocytes exposed to shear stress also stimulated c-Src phosphorylation, phospholipase D (PLD) activation and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling. Using the antibodies against c-Src, PLD1, and PLD2 to perform reciprocal co-immunoprecipitations and in vitro PLD activity assay, our data indicated that c-Src interacted with and activated PLD1 but not PLD2. The inhibition of shear stress-induced c-Src phosphorylation by PP2 (a specific inhibitor of c-Src kinase) resulted in reduced PLD activity. Phosphatidic acid, produced by shear stress-induced PLD activation, stimulated mTOR signaling, and caused podocyte hypertrophy and apoptosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1075-1085
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume318
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2012

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • C-Src
  • MTOR
  • Phospholipase D
  • Podocytes
  • Shear stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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