Short-term modulation of the exercise ventilatory response in young men

Helen E. Wood, Gordon S. Mitchell, Tony G. Babb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Arterial isocapnia is a hallmark of moderate exercise in humans and is maintained even when resting arterial PCO2 (PaCO2) is raised or lowered from its normal level, e.g., with chronic acid-base changes or acute increases in respiratory dead space. When resting ventilation and/or PaCO2 are altered, maintenance of isocapnia requires active adjustments of the exercise ventilatory response [slope of the ventilation (V̇E)-CO2 production (V̇CO2) relationship, ΔV̇E/ΔV̇CO2]. On the basis of animal studies, it has been proposed that a central neural mechanism links the exercise ventilatory response to the resting ventilatory drive without need for changes in chemoreceptor feedback from rest to exercise, a mechanism referred to as short-term modulation (STM). We tested the hypothesis that STM is elicited by increased resting ventilatory drive associated with added external dead space (DS) in humans. Twelve young men were studied in control conditions and with added DS (200, 400, and 600 ml; randomized) at rest and during mild-tomoderate cycle exercise. ΔV̇E/ΔV̇CO2 increased progressively as DS volume increased (P < 0.0001). While resting end-tidal PCO2 (PETCO2) increased with DS, the change in PET CO2 from rest to exercise was not increased, indicating that increased chemoreceptor feedback from rest to exercise cannot account for the greater exercise ventilatory response. We conclude that STM of the exercise ventilatory response is induced in young men when resting ventilatory drive is increased with external DS, confirming the existence of STM in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-252
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume104
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

Keywords

  • Exercise hyperpnea
  • Hypercapnia
  • Respiratory control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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