Short term outcomes of Impella in cardiogenic shock: A review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Mario Iannaccone, Stefano Albani, Francesco Giannini, Salvatore Colangelo, Giacomo G. Boccuzzi, Roberto Garbo, Emmanouil S. Brilakis, Fabrizio D'ascenzo, Gaetano Maria de Ferrari, Antonio Colombo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: The clinical impact of invasive hemodynamic support with Impella in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) remains to be defined. Method: Only studies including patients treated with Impella in CS were selected. The primary endpoint was short term mortality, while secondary endpoints were major vascular complications and major bleeding. Results: 17 studies and 3933 patients were included in the analysis. Median age was 61.9 (IQR 59.2–63.5) years, CS was mainly related to acute coronary syndrome (ACS): 79.6% (IQR 75.1–79.6). Thirty-day mortality was 47.8% (CI 43.7–52%). Based on metaregression analysis, the Impella 5.0 (point estimate −0.006, 95% CI -0.01 – - 0.02, p < 0.01) and the Impella CP (point estimate −0.007, 95% CI -0.01 – - 0.03, p < 0.01) devices were related to a higher survival rate, whereas the Impella 2.5 was not. Furthermore, a correlation with reduced mortality was found when Impella was initiated in CS not complicated by cardiac arrest (CA), and before revascularization, (point estimate 0.01, 95% CI 0.002–0.02, p < 0.01 and point estimate −0.02, 95% CI 0.023–0.01, p < 0.001 respectively). The vascular complication and major bleeding rate were 7.4% (95% CI 5.6–9.6%) and 15.2% (95% CI 10.7–21%) respectively, and were associated with older age and comorbidities, while the implantation of an Impella CP/2.5 L was associated with fewer complications. Conclusions: Despite the use of Impella the 30 day mortality of CS still remains high. Our data suggest that the use of an Impella CP, initiation of Impella prior to PCI and in patients without cardiac arrest was correlated with outcome improvements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-51
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume324
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiogenic shock
  • Impella
  • Impella CP
  • Invasive hemodynamic support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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