Objective: To evaluate non-inferiority and diagnostic performance of an American College of Radiology compliant abbreviated MRI protocol (AB-MRI) compared with standard-of-care breast MRI (SOC-BMRI) in patients with increased breast cancer risk. Material and methods: Women with increased lifetime breast cancer risk by American Cancer Society guidelines underwent breast MRI at a single institution between October 2015 and February 2018. AB-MRI was acquired at 3.0 T with T2-weighted extended fast spin echo triple-echo Dixon and pre- and post-contrast 3D dual-echo fast spoiled gradient echo two-point Dixon sequences with an 8-channel breast coil 1–7 days after SOC-BMRI. Three readers independently reviewed AB-MRI and assigned BI-RADS categories for maximum intensity projection images (AB1), dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) images (AB2), and DCE and non-contrast T2 and fat-only images (AB3). These scores were compared to those from SOC-BMRI. Results: Cancer yield was 14 per 1000 (women-years) in 73 women aged 26–75 years (mean 53.5 years). AB-MRI acquisition times (mean 9.63 min) and table times (mean 15.07 min) were significantly shorter than those of SOC-BMRI (means 19.46 and 36.3 min, respectively) (p < .001). Accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were identical for AB3 and SOC-BMRI (93%, 100%, 93%, 16.7%, and 100%, respectively). AB-MRI with AB1 and AB2 had significantly lower specificity (AB1 = 73.6%, AB2 = 77.8%), positive predictive values (AB1 = 5%, AB2 = 5.9%), and accuracy (AB1 = 74%, AB2 = 78%) than those of SOC-BMRI (p = .002 for AB1, p = .01 for AB2). Conclusion: AB-MRI was acquired significantly faster than SOC-BMRI and its diagnostic performance was non-inferior. Inclusion of T2 and fat-only images was necessary to achieve non-inferiority by multireader evaluation.
- Abbreviated protocol
- Breast MRI
- Fast spin echo triple echo Dixon
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging