Should living donor liver transplantation be an option when deceased donation is not?

Sarah R. Lieber, Thomas D. Schiano, Rosamond Rhodes

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

When a liver transplantation candidate is declined for listing to receive a deceased organ, sometimes a loved one comes forward and offers to be a living donor. This raises the ethical question of whether a patient who is not eligible for deceased donor liver transplantation should be eligible for living donor liver transplantation. We compare living organ donation in kidney and liver transplantation and explore key ethical concepts of justice, fairness, and societal trust. Ultimately, because there is no alternative life-preserving therapy in end-stage liver disease, and because transplantation with a living donor organ does not involve removing a resource from the common pool of transplant organs, we argue that a standard of “slightly less benefit” than that required for deceased transplantation should be used to determine the acceptability of living donor liver transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1076-1082
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Volume68
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Benefits
  • Ethics
  • Justice
  • Liver transplantation
  • Living donor
  • Organ transplantation
  • Risks
  • Trust

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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