Aaron Jay Yang, Nitin B. Jain

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The glenohumeral joint is the most mobile joint in the body with a large degree of range of motion. Along with this increased mobility comes a higher degree of instability due to a shallow and smaller glenoid as compared with the humeral head, which can lead to subsequent shoulder injuries. Pathology related to the rotator cuff is the leading cause of shoulder pain and can often present with pain, weakness, and loss of range of motion. However, the differential diagnosis of shoulder pain can be broad and includes labral tears, glenohumeral ligament tears or sprains, acromioclavicular ligament tears, osteoarthritis, adhesive capsulitis, peripheral neuropathy, and cervical radiculopathy. As a result, a thorough examination should include the cervical spine and the contralateral shoulder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPain Medicine
Subtitle of host publicationAn Essential Review
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9783319431338
ISBN (Print)9783319431314
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Adhesive capsulitis
  • Cervical radiculopathy
  • Glenohumeral joint
  • Labral tears
  • Ligament tears
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Rotator cuff
  • Scapula

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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