There is no consensus regarding whether to use antithrombotic medications in patients with peripheral artery disease after lower-extremity peripheral vascular intervention. Objectives The main hypothesis is that significant variation exists regarding use of antithrombotic medications after lower-extremity peripheral vascular intervention. We sought to examine the patterns of postprocedural antithrombotic medication use and associated factors in Medicare patients. Methods We measured rates of P2Y12 inhibitor use after peripheral vascular intervention in a 100% national sample of Medicare beneficiaries with Part D prescription drug coverage. We used logistic regression modeling to examine associations between patient and clinical factors and P2Y12 inhibitor use. Results Between 2010 and 2012, a total of 85,830 patients underwent peripheral vascular intervention and had prescription drug claims. Overall, 18.3% of patients were treated with an oral anticoagulant, 19.1% received no P2Y12 inhibitor, 30.8% received a P2Y12 inhibitor before and after the procedure, 6.2% received a P2Y12 inhibitor for up to 30 days after the procedure, and 25.6% received a P2Y12 inhibitor for more than 30 days after the procedure. After adjustment, factors associated with P2Y12 inhibitor use included male sex; black race; history of renal disease, dementia, or heart failure; physician specialty; and clinical setting of the procedure. We observed a strong interaction effect between clinical setting and physician specialty (P < .001). Conclusions One-fifth of patients who underwent lower-extremity peripheral vascular intervention did not fill a prescription for a P2Y12 inhibitor. Patients whose operators were surgeons or radiologists had lower odds of P2Y12 inhibitor use. More research to determine the optimal use and duration of antithrombotic medications after the procedure is warranted.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine