Objective: A new silicone-suppressed MR technique was developed, and its efficacy in identifying free silicone and differentiating it from other breast tissues was investigated. Materials and Methods: Silicone-suppressed MRI was performed using the RODEO (rotating delivery of excitation off-resonance) pulse sequence, which selectively eliminated signal from the narrow range of (CH3)4Si resonance. Ninety breasts in 61 patients were evaluated with both a fat-suppressed 3D MR sequence and a silicone-suppressed 3D MR sequence. Results: Extracapsular free silicone and silicone injections demonstrated a unique appearance compared with normal breast tissue in all cases. Magnetic resonance identified free silicone in 26 breasts, 10 of which were confirmed pathologically or from a history of previous silicone injections. No free silicone was present on MR in 64 breasts; 8 of these were confirmed by biopsy or mastectomy as showing no evidence of free silicone. This technique was useful in evaluation of prosthesis integrity, free silicone, focal palpable or mammographic lesions, and the breast with silicone injections. Conclusion: Silicone-suppressed RODEO MRI of the breast can accurately identify free and intracapsular silicone and can distinguish silicone from other tissues. This provides unique information about the breast in a number of specific applications.
- Breasts, implants
- Magnetic resonance imaging, techniques
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging