Simultaneous and rapid quantitation of benazepril and benazeprilat in human plasma by high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection

Xue Ding Wang, Eli Chan, Xiao Chen, Xiao Xing Liao, Cheng Tang, Zhi Wei Zhou, Min Huang, Shu Feng Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A sensitive and accurate high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with ultraviolet (UV) detector was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of benazepril (BZL) and its active metabolite, benazeprilat (BZT), in human plasma. The plasma sample, after spiked with riluzole as an internal standard (IS), was subjected to a solid-phase extraction (SPE) prior to a HPLC analysis. Chromatographic separations were achieved on a Hypersil BDS C18 (300 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 μm). The mobile phase consisted of phosphate buffer (pH 2.6; 10 mM) and acetonitrile mixture in a gradient mode. Detection was carried out at a wavelength of 237 nm. The retention times of BZL, BZT and IS were at about 6.2, 15.4 and 16.2 min, respectively. The calibration curve was linear in the range of 20-2000 ng/mL for both BZL and BZT (r2 > 0.997). At three quality control concentrations of 100, 500, and 1500 ng/mL, the intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviation ranged from 2.8 to 8.6% for BZL and from 2.2 to 8.5% for BZT, while the mean absolute percentage error ranged from -7.5 to 6.7% for BZL and from -6.0 to 3.2% for BZT. The limit of detection (LOD) was 10 ng/mL and the limit of quantification (LOQ) was 20 ng/mL for both BZL and BZT in human plasma. The method was successfully applied to bioequivalence evaluation of benazepril hydrochloride formulations in healthy Chinese.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-230
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 9 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AUC
  • Benazepril
  • Benazeprilat
  • Bioequivalence
  • C
  • HPLC
  • Human
  • Tablet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Spectroscopy
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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