Simultaneous Image Reconstruction and Element Decomposition for Iodine Contrast Agent Visualization in Multienergy Element-Resolved Cone Beam CT

Chao Wang, Hyunuk Jung, Ming Yang, Chenyang Shen, Xun Jia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Iodine contrast agent is widely used in liver cancer radiotherapy at CT simulation stage to enhance detectability of tumor. However, its application in cone beam CT (CBCT) for image guidance before treatment delivery is still limited because of poor image quality and excessive dose of contrast agent during multiple treatment fractions. We previously developed a multienergy element-resolved (MEER) CBCT framework that included x-ray projection data acquisition on a conventional CBCT platform in a kVp-switching model and a dictionary-based image reconstruction algorithm that simultaneously reconstructed x-ray attenuation images at each kilovoltage peak (kVp), an electron density image, and elemental composition images. In this study, we investigated feasibility using MEER-CBCT for low-concentration iodine contrast agent visualization. We performed simulation and experimental studies using a phantom with inserts containing water and different concentrations of iodine solution and the MEER-CBCT scan with 600 projections in a full gantry rotation, in which the kVp level sequentially changed among 80, 100, and 120 kVps. We included iodine material in the dictionary of the reconstruction algorithm. We analyzed iodine detectability as quantified by contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and compared results with those of CBCT images reconstructed by the standard filter back projection (FBP) method with 600 projections. MEER-CBCT achieved similar contrast enhancement as FBP method but significantly higher CNR. At 2.5% iodine solution concentration, FBP method achieved 170 HU enhancement and CNR of 2.0, considered the standard CNR for successful tumor visualization. MEER-CBCT achieved the same CNR but at ~6.3 times lower iodine concentration of 0.4%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number827136
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022

Keywords

  • cone beam CT
  • element decomposition
  • image guidance
  • liver cancer
  • multienergy cone beam CT
  • radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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