Drosophila Rrp1 has several tightly associated enzymatic activities, including double-strand DNA 3'-exonuclease, apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease, 3'-phosphatase, and 3'-phosphodiesterase. The carboxyl-terminal third of Rrp1, homologous to Escherichia coli exonuclease III, is sufficient to repair oxidative and alkylation-induced DNA damage in vivo. Using a screen for partial complementation of repair-deficient E. coli, we isolated three mutants of the nuclease domain of Rrp1: T462A, K463Q, and L484P, that protect against methyl methanesulfonate (MMS)-induced but not t-BuO2H-induced DNA damage. Thr-462 and Lys-463 are highly conserved residues found in a cluster of 5 conserved amino acids (LQETK), while Leu-484 is poorly conserved. Gln- 460 Glu-461, Thr-462, and Lys-463 and Leu-484 were altered by site-directed mutagenesis using a plasmid including the entire Rrp1 gene and mutant proteins were purified. Mutants of the three residues Glu-461, Thr-462, and Lys-463 demonstrate 8-200-fold lower phosphodiesterase specific activity than wild-type Rrp1. E461A has a 30-fold reduction in AP endonuclease and is MMS- sensitive, but all other mutants have near-normal AP endonuclease and are MMS-resistant. Glu-461 appears to be essential for the nuclease function of Rrp1. Lys-463 and, to a lesser extent, Thr-462 influence the substrate specificity of the Rrp1 nuclease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology