Single-port robotic-assisted simple prostatectomy is associated with decreased post-operative narcotic use in a propensity score matched analysis

Vishnu Ganesan, Ryan L. Steinberg, Alaina Garbens, Hersh Trivedi, Igor Sorokin, Claus A. Roehrborn, Brett A. Johnson, Jeffrey C. Gahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Robotic-assisted simple prostatectomy (RASP) has proven to be an effective minimally invasive option for benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) in recent years. Single-site surgery is theorized to reduce post-operative pain beyond traditional minimally invasive approaches. We sought to assess whether use of a single-port robotic platform decreases post-operative opioid use in patients undergoing robotic-assisted simple prostatectomy (RASP). A retrospective review was performed of all patients undergoing RASP our institution from November 2017 to July 2019. Demographic, intraoperative, and post-operative data, including morphine equivalent (ME) use, were collected. Patients were stratified by robotic platform utilized. Propensity score matching using nearest neighbor method was performed using prostate volume, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and post-op ketorolac use in 4:1 fashion. Chi-squared analysis and Kruskal–Wallis analyses were utilized. Two-hundred-and-seven men underwent RASP. After matching, 80 patients (64 multi-port, 16 single-port) were included in the analysis. Groups were comparable for age, body mass index, CCI, prostate volume, prior opioid use, and use of scheduled ketorolac post op. The single-port approach was associated with a reduction in MEs once admitted to the floor (5 vs. 11 mg, p = 0.025) and an increase in the proportion of patients who did not require any narcotics post-operatively (44 vs. 19%, p = 0.036). In a propensity matched cohort of patients undergoing RASP at a single institution, use of the single-port robotic system conferred a significant decrease in post-operative narcotic use by approximately 50%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Robotic Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Minimally invasive
  • Narcotic
  • Pain
  • Prostatectomy
  • Robotics
  • Single port

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Health Informatics

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