Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm in a Patient With Mosaic Trisomy 13: Case Report and Brief Review of the Literature

Hani Ghawi, Kevin Engelhardt, Keith Dixon, Poonum Thankaval, Claudio Ramaciotti, Matthew S. Lemler, Kristine J. Guleserian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This report describes a unique case involving an obese 16-year-old boy with a mosaic form of trisomy 13 and no previous cardiac history who presented with a new murmur, hypertension, pleural effusions, and congestive heart failure in the context of sore throat and fever. Evaluation revealed a diagnosis of ruptured noncoronary sinus of Valsalva (SOV) aneurysm. The diagnosis and surgical management of a ruptured noncoronary SOV aneurysm in a pediatric patient are briefly outlined. An SOV aneurysm is an anatomic dilation of one of the sinuses of the aortic root. Aneurysmal dilation occurs more commonly in the right aortic sinus (70%-80%), compared to the noncoronary sinus (23%-25%), and more rarely the left coronary sinus (5%). Rupture of these aneurysms has been reported to be both spontaneous and secondary to physical exertion, hypertension, or trauma. Signs of rupture include a continuous murmur, patients may present with chest pain or with symptoms of acute congestive heart failure. Diagnosis, in this case, was made by transthoracic echocardiography with careful interpretation of color Doppler images.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)NP1-NP6
JournalWorld Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

Keywords

  • echocardiography
  • pediatric
  • sinus of Valsalva aneurysm—rupture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Sinus of Valsalva Aneurysm in a Patient With Mosaic Trisomy 13: Case Report and Brief Review of the Literature'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this