SKCa Channels Mediate the Medium but not the Slow Calcium-Activated Afterhyperpolarization in Cortical Neurons

Claudio Villalobos, Vikram G. Shakkottai, K. George Chandy, Sharon K. Michelhaugh, Rodrigo Andrade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Many neurons, including pyramidal cells of the cortex, express a slow afterhyperpolarization (sAHP) that regulates their firing. Although initial findings suggested that the current underlying the sAHP could be carried through SKCa channels, recent work has uncovered anomalies that are not congruent with this idea. Here, we used overexpression and dominant-negative strategies to assess the involvement of SKCa channels in mediating the current underlying the sAHP in pyramidal cells of the cerebral cortex. Pyramidal cells of layer V exhibit robust AHP currents composed of two kinetically and pharmacologically distinguishable currents known as the medium AHP current (ImAHP) and the slow AHP current (IsAHP). ImAHP is blocked by the SKCa channel blockers apamin and bicuculline, whereas IsAHP is resistant to these agents but is inhibited by activation of muscarinic receptors. To test for a role for SKCa channels, we overexpressed KCa2.1 (SK1) and KCa2.2 (SK2), the predominant SKCa subunits expressed in the cortex, in pyramidal cells of cultured brain slices. Overexpression of KCa2.1 and KCa2.2 resulted in a fourfold to fivefold increase in the amplitude of ImAHP but had no detectable effect on IsAHP. As an additional test, we examined IsAHP in a transgenic mouse expressing a truncated SKCa subunit (SK3-1B) capable of acting as a dominant negative for the entire family of SK Ca-IKCa channels. Expression of SK3-1B profoundly inhibited ImAHP but again had no discernable effect on I sAHP. These results are inconsistent with the proposal that SK Ca channels mediate IsAHP in pyramidal cells and indicate that a different potassium channel mediates this current.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3537-3542
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume24
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 7 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apamin
  • Cerebral cortex
  • mAHP
  • Pyramidal cells
  • sAHP
  • SK channels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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