Sleep Disorder and Cocaine Abuse Impact Purine and Pyrimidine Nucleotide Metabolic Signatures

Mayur Doke, Jay P. McLaughlin, Hamid Baniasadi, Thangavel Samikkannu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Disturbances in the circadian rhythm alter the normal sleep-wake cycle, which increases vulnerability to drug abuse. Drug abuse can disrupt several homeostatic processes regulated by the circadian rhythm and influence addiction paradigms, including cravings for cocaine. The relationship between circadian rhythm and cocaine abuse is complex and bidirectional, and disruption impacts both brain function and metabolic profiles. Therefore, elucidating the impact of circadian rhythm changes and cocaine abuse on the human metabolome may provide new insights into identifying potential biomarkers. We examine the effect of cocaine administration with and without circadian rhythm sleep disruption (CRSD) on metabolite levels and compare these to healthy controls in an in vivo study. A metabolomics analysis is performed on the control, CRSD, cocaine, and CRSD with cocaine groups. Plasma metabolite concentrations are analyzed using a liquid chromatography electrochemical array platform. We identify 242 known metabolites compared to the control; 26 in the CRSD with cocaine group, 4 in the CRSD group, and 22 in the cocaine group are significantly differentially expressed. Intriguingly, in the CRSD with cocaine treatment group, the expression levels of uridine monophosphate (p < 0.008), adenosine 5′-diphosphate (p < 0.044), and inosine (p < 0.019) are significantly altered compared with those in the cocaine group. In summary, alterations in purine and pyrimidine metabolism provide clues regarding changes in the energy profile and metabolic pathways associated with chronic exposure to cocaine and CRSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number869
JournalMetabolites
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • bioinformatics
  • circadian rhythm
  • cocaine abuse
  • metabolism
  • metabolomics
  • sleep disruption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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