Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis in Patients with Down Syndrome

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors report their experience with eight patients (11 hips) with Down syndrome who sustained a slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). Six patients were diagnosed with hypothyroidism. All patients were greater than the 85th percentile for body mass index. Initial treatment was by in situ pinning in all hips. Six of the 11 slips progressed, 2 had collapse consistent with avascular necrosis, and 1 developed collapse secondary to joint sepsis and osteomyelitis. Additional surgery was necessary on seven hips. Four of eight hips followed until maturity had substantial femoral head deformity. Three of these patients had a noticeable limp and pain. Treatment of SCFE in patients with Down syndrome is difficult and the prognosis is guarded. These patients should be screened for hypothyroidism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • Down syndrome
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Slipped capital femoral epiphysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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