Small vertebrates from Khasm El-Raqaba, late Middle Miocene, Eastern Desert, Egypt

Gregg F. Gunnell, Alisa J. Winkler, Ellen R. Miller, Jason J. Head, Ahmed N. El-Barkooky, Mohamed Abdel Gawad, William J. Sanders, Philip D. Gingerich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Khasm El-Raqaba (KER) (28.451°N, 31.834°E) is a large commercial limestone quarry in Egypt's Eastern Desert. The site is best known for cetacean fossils recovered from middle Eocene deposits, but remains of some geologically younger, small fossil vertebrates representing snakes, rodents and bats, have been recovered from karst fissure-fill deposits intrusive into the Eocene limestones. Comparisons with extant and extinct material reveal that the KER snakes represent two different colubrines, the rodents are referable to the ctenodactylid Africanomys, and the bats represent a new species of Hipposideros (Pseudorhinolophus). Together, faunal correlation and geological evidence are in broad agreement with a late Middle Miocene age for this KER fauna, and a palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of mixed subtropical and more arid microhabitats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-171
Number of pages13
JournalHistorical Biology
Volume28
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 17 2016

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Snakes
Calcium Carbonate
Egypt
limestone
snakes
Chiroptera
Vertebrates
deserts
Rodentia
rodents
fossils
vertebrates
karsts
microhabitats
fauna
new species

Keywords

  • bats
  • limestone
  • Neogene
  • North Africa
  • rodents
  • snakes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Gunnell, G. F., Winkler, A. J., Miller, E. R., Head, J. J., El-Barkooky, A. N., Gawad, M. A., ... Gingerich, P. D. (2016). Small vertebrates from Khasm El-Raqaba, late Middle Miocene, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Historical Biology, 28(1-2), 159-171. https://doi.org/10.1080/08912963.2015.1014354

Small vertebrates from Khasm El-Raqaba, late Middle Miocene, Eastern Desert, Egypt. / Gunnell, Gregg F.; Winkler, Alisa J.; Miller, Ellen R.; Head, Jason J.; El-Barkooky, Ahmed N.; Gawad, Mohamed Abdel; Sanders, William J.; Gingerich, Philip D.

In: Historical Biology, Vol. 28, No. 1-2, 17.02.2016, p. 159-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gunnell, GF, Winkler, AJ, Miller, ER, Head, JJ, El-Barkooky, AN, Gawad, MA, Sanders, WJ & Gingerich, PD 2016, 'Small vertebrates from Khasm El-Raqaba, late Middle Miocene, Eastern Desert, Egypt', Historical Biology, vol. 28, no. 1-2, pp. 159-171. https://doi.org/10.1080/08912963.2015.1014354
Gunnell, Gregg F. ; Winkler, Alisa J. ; Miller, Ellen R. ; Head, Jason J. ; El-Barkooky, Ahmed N. ; Gawad, Mohamed Abdel ; Sanders, William J. ; Gingerich, Philip D. / Small vertebrates from Khasm El-Raqaba, late Middle Miocene, Eastern Desert, Egypt. In: Historical Biology. 2016 ; Vol. 28, No. 1-2. pp. 159-171.
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