Social engagement and health in younger, older, and oldest-old adults in the Louisiana healthy aging study

Katie E. Cherry, Erin Jackson Walker, Jennifer Silva Brown, Julia Volaufova, Lynn R. Lamotte, David A. Welsh, L. Joseph Su, S. Michal Jazwinski, Rebecca Ellis, Robert H. Wood, Madlyn I. Frisard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

Social support has been shown to influence health outcomes in later life. In this study, we focus on social engagement as an umbrella construct that covers select social behaviors in a life span sample that included oldest-old adults, a segment of the adult population for whom very little data currently exist. We examined relationships among social engagement, positive health behaviors, and physical health to provide new evidence that addresses gaps in the extant literature concerning social engagement and healthy aging in very old adults. Participants were younger (21-59 years), older (60-89 years), and oldest-old (90-97 years) adults (N = 364) in the Louisiana Healthy Aging Study (LHAS). Linear regression analyses indicated that age, gender, and hours spent outside of the house were significantly associated with self-reported health. The number of clubs and hours outside of home were more important factors in the analyses of objective health status than positive health behaviors, after considering age group and education level. These data strongly suggest that social engagement remains an important determinant of physical health into very late adulthood. The discussion focuses on practical applications of these results including social support interventions to maintain or improve late-life health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-75
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • healthy aging
  • physical health
  • positive health behaviors
  • social engagement
  • social relationships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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