Social Support Does Not Modify the Risk of Readmission for Patients with Decompensated Cirrhosis

Jeremy Louissaint, Chelsey Foster, Emily Harding-Theobald, Anna S. Lok, Elliot B. Tapper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Patients with decompensated cirrhosis are at high risk of frequent hospitalizations. Whether the level of perceived social support impacts this risk is unknown. We sought to determine the relationship between social support and burden of hospitalization in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Methods: A total of 73 patients, all with decompensated cirrhosis and an index cirrhosis-related admission between 7/1/2017 and 7/1/2019, completed the modified medical outcomes study social support (mMOS-SS) survey. We retrospectively assessed the relationship between mMOS-SS scores and probability of readmission 90-days after the index admission. Additionally, we prospectively analyzed the association between mMOS-SS scores at enrollment and risk of 90-day hospitalization. Results: At enrollment, 50.7% were female, median age 61 years, and median mMOS-SS score was 87.5. Median model for end-stage liver disease sodium (MELD-Na) at the time of the index admission was 15 and was 13 at the time of enrollment. The mMOS-SS score did not modify the rate of readmission 90 days after the index admission date (adjusted HR 1.01, 95%CI 0.98-1.03) nor was it associated with the rate of admission 90 days after enrollment prospectively (adjusted HR 0.99, 95%CI 0.96–1.02). The MELD-Na score at enrollment was the only significant predictor of hospitalization during prospective follow-up (adjusted HR 1.18, 95%CI 1.09–1.27). Conclusions: Social support, as measured by the mMOS-SS survey, in patients with decompensated cirrhosis was high. However, this did not modify the risk of cirrhosis-related hospitalizations. Future investigation to define the specific components of social support that could modify readmission risk is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1855-1861
Number of pages7
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Cirrhosis
  • MELD score
  • Outcomes
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology


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