Sociodemographic characteristics associated with binge drinking among Brazilians

Daniel Sócrates Castroand, Zila M. Sanchez, Marcos Zaleski, Hamer Nastasy Palhares Alves, Ilana Pinsky, Raul Caetano, Ronaldo Ramos Laranjeira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: Binge drinking (BD) is a harmful pattern of alcohol use. This study describes this pattern of drinking and the sociodemographic variables associated with it in a representative sample of Brazilians. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 3007 individuals using a multistage probabilistic sample was conducted in 143 Brazilian municipalities. The frequency of BD in the year preceding the study was assessed. BD was defined as the consumption of four drinks of alcohol within a two-hour period for women and five drinks in two hours for men. Weighted-ordered logit regression was used to assess the relationship between sociodemographic factors and BD. Results: Most respondents had not engaged in binge drinking (69.7%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 67.0-72.2%). Binge drinking was more common among participants who were male (odds ratio (OR) 2.9; 95% CI 2.3-3.6) or single (OR 1.5; 95% CI 1.1-2.1) or had higher family income (OR 2.3; 95% CI 1.3-3.8). Individuals between 18 and 44 years of age were four times more likely to engage in binge drinking than adolescents (OR 4.7; 95% CI 3.3-6.8). Evangelicals/Protestants were less likely to engage in binge drinking (OR 0.7; 95% CI 0.2-0.5). Conclusions: Our study, which is the first representative survey of BD in Brazil, showed that the age range of adults who engaged in BD is wider than the age range observed in other countries. These individuals are at increased risk for the adverse consequences of binge drinking, including addiction, car accidents, involvement in crime, absenteeism, and family violence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-276
Number of pages5
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume126
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012

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Binge Drinking
Alcohols
Crime
Accidents
Railroad cars
Confidence Intervals
Odds Ratio
Absenteeism
Domestic Violence
Drinking
Brazil
Violence
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Binge drinking
  • Brazil
  • Cross-sectional survey
  • Epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Castroand, D. S., Sanchez, Z. M., Zaleski, M., Alves, H. N. P., Pinsky, I., Caetano, R., & Laranjeira, R. R. (2012). Sociodemographic characteristics associated with binge drinking among Brazilians. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 126(1-2), 272-276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.05.017

Sociodemographic characteristics associated with binge drinking among Brazilians. / Castroand, Daniel Sócrates; Sanchez, Zila M.; Zaleski, Marcos; Alves, Hamer Nastasy Palhares; Pinsky, Ilana; Caetano, Raul; Laranjeira, Ronaldo Ramos.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 126, No. 1-2, 01.11.2012, p. 272-276.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Castroand, DS, Sanchez, ZM, Zaleski, M, Alves, HNP, Pinsky, I, Caetano, R & Laranjeira, RR 2012, 'Sociodemographic characteristics associated with binge drinking among Brazilians', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 126, no. 1-2, pp. 272-276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.05.017
Castroand DS, Sanchez ZM, Zaleski M, Alves HNP, Pinsky I, Caetano R et al. Sociodemographic characteristics associated with binge drinking among Brazilians. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2012 Nov 1;126(1-2):272-276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.05.017
Castroand, Daniel Sócrates ; Sanchez, Zila M. ; Zaleski, Marcos ; Alves, Hamer Nastasy Palhares ; Pinsky, Ilana ; Caetano, Raul ; Laranjeira, Ronaldo Ramos. / Sociodemographic characteristics associated with binge drinking among Brazilians. In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2012 ; Vol. 126, No. 1-2. pp. 272-276.
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abstract = "Background: Binge drinking (BD) is a harmful pattern of alcohol use. This study describes this pattern of drinking and the sociodemographic variables associated with it in a representative sample of Brazilians. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 3007 individuals using a multistage probabilistic sample was conducted in 143 Brazilian municipalities. The frequency of BD in the year preceding the study was assessed. BD was defined as the consumption of four drinks of alcohol within a two-hour period for women and five drinks in two hours for men. Weighted-ordered logit regression was used to assess the relationship between sociodemographic factors and BD. Results: Most respondents had not engaged in binge drinking (69.7{\%}; 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) 67.0-72.2{\%}). Binge drinking was more common among participants who were male (odds ratio (OR) 2.9; 95{\%} CI 2.3-3.6) or single (OR 1.5; 95{\%} CI 1.1-2.1) or had higher family income (OR 2.3; 95{\%} CI 1.3-3.8). Individuals between 18 and 44 years of age were four times more likely to engage in binge drinking than adolescents (OR 4.7; 95{\%} CI 3.3-6.8). Evangelicals/Protestants were less likely to engage in binge drinking (OR 0.7; 95{\%} CI 0.2-0.5). Conclusions: Our study, which is the first representative survey of BD in Brazil, showed that the age range of adults who engaged in BD is wider than the age range observed in other countries. These individuals are at increased risk for the adverse consequences of binge drinking, including addiction, car accidents, involvement in crime, absenteeism, and family violence.",
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