Sociodemographic disparities in the receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy among patients with resected stage I-III pancreatic adenocarcinoma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Adjuvant therapy for resected pancreatic adenocarcinoma was given a category 1 NCCN recommendation in 2000, yetmany patients do not receive chemotherapy after definitive surgery. Whether sociodemographic disparities exist for receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy is poorly understood.Methods: TheNational Cancer Databasewas used to identify patients diagnosed with nonmetastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma who underwent definitive surgery from 2004 through 2015. Multivariable logistic regression defined the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) and associated 95% CI of receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy. Among patients receiving chemotherapy, multivariable logistic regression assessed the odds of treatment with multiagent chemotherapy. Results: Among 18,463 patients, 11,288 (61.1%) received any adjuvant chemotherapy. Sociodemographic factors inversely associated with receipt of any adjuvant chemotherapy included uninsured status (aOR, 0.61; 95%CI, 0.50-0.74),Medicaid insurance (aOR, 0.66; 95%CI, 0.57-0.77), and lower income (P,.001 for all income levels compared with $$46,000). Black race (aOR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.57-0.90) and female sex (aOR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.65-0.86) were associated with lower odds of receiving multiagent chemotherapy. There was a statistically significant interaction term between black race and age/comorbidity status (P5.03), such that 26.4% of black versus 35.8% of nonblack young (aged #65 years) and healthy (Charlson-Deyo comorbidity score 0) patients received multiagent adjuvant chemotherapy (P5.006), whereas multiagent adjuvant chemotherapy rates were similar among patients who were not young and healthy (P5.15). Conclusions: In this nationally representative study, receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy appeared to be associated with sociodemographic characteristics, independent of clinical factors. Sociodemographic differences in receipt of adjuvant chemotherapymay represent a missed opportunity for improving outcomes and a driver of oncologic disparities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1292-1300
Number of pages9
JournalJNCCN Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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