Sodium-hydrogen exchanger regulatory factor-1 (NHERF1) confers salt sensitivity in both male and female models of hypertension in aging

Sathnur Pushpakumar, Asrar Ahmad, Corey J. Ketchem, Pedro A. Jose, Edward J. Weinman, Utpal Sen, Eleanor D. Lederer, Syed J. Khundmiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hypertension is a risk factor for premature death and roughly 50% of hypertensive patients are salt-sensitive. The incidence of salt-sensitive hypertension increases with age. However, the mechanisms of salt-sensitive hypertension are not well understood. We had demonstrated decreased renal sodium‑hydrogen exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) expression in old salt-resistant F344 rats. Based on those studies we hypothesized that NHERF1 expression is required for the development of some forms of salt-sensitive hypertension. To address this hypothesis, we measured blood pressure in NHERF1 expressing salt-sensitive 4-mo and 24-mo-old male and female Fischer Brown Norway (FBN) rats male and female 18-mo-old NHERF1 knock-out (NHERF1 / ) mice and wild-type (WT) littermates on C57BL/6J background after feeding high salt (8% NaCl) diet for 7 days. Our data demonstrate that 8% salt diet increased blood pressure in both male and female 24-mo-old FBN rats but not in 4-mo-old FBN rats and in 18-mo-old male and female WT mice but not in NHERF1 / mice. Renal dopamine 1 receptor (D1R) expression was decreased in 24-mo-old rats, compared with 4-mo-old FBN rats. However, sodium chloride cotransporter (NCC) expression increased in 24-mo-old FBN rats. In FBN rats, age had no effect on Na[sbnd]K ATPase α1 and NKCC2 expression. By contrast, high salt diet increased the renal expressions of NKCC2, and NCC in 24-mo-old FBN rats. High salt diet also increased NKCC2 and NCC expression in WT mice but not NHERF1 / mice. Our data suggest that renal NHERF1 expression confers salt sensitivity with aging, associated with increased expression of sodium transporters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number117226
JournalLife Sciences
Volume243
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Kidney
  • NHERF1
  • Salt sensitive hypertension
  • Transporters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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