Somatic mutations in overgrowth syndromes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Human overgrowth syndromes are varied in their presentation and severity among patients. The etiology of these syndromes has long been associated with genetic phenomena associated with increased paternal or maternal age. Next generation genomic methods have expedited discovery of non-heritable mutations that cause overgrowth syndromes. Many of these somatic, tissue-specific mutations activate cancer-associated cell signaling pathways, leading to aberrant cell growth. Interestingly, although the different disorders have widely varied presentations-heretofore considered distinct syndromes-the genetic etiologies converge on similar mechanisms, which raises questions as to the proper classification and nomenclature of the different diagnoses. This chapter reviews multiple overgrowth syndromes and provides an in-depth explanation of the genetic mechanisms causing their varied presentations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMolecular Genetics of Pediatric Orthopaedic Disorders
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages153-165
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9781493921690, 9781493921683
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • De novo
  • Mosaic
  • Overgrowth
  • PIK3CA
  • Somatic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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  • Cite this

    Rios, J. J., & Ezaki, M. (2015). Somatic mutations in overgrowth syndromes. In Molecular Genetics of Pediatric Orthopaedic Disorders (pp. 153-165). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2169-0_9