A monoclonal antibody (MAb)-based enzyme immunoassay was developed for detection of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) lipooligosaccharides (LOS). The high affinity of polymyxin B for lipid A was used to bind the Hib LOS to microtiter wells. The immobilized LOS was detected with MAbs directed against the oligosaccharide component of Hib endotoxin. Hib LOS concentrations were measured in in vitro samples and in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples obtained from rabbits with experimental Hib meningitis. The sensitivity of the assay was 1 ng LOS/ml sample and the results obtained with this assay correlated significantly with those obtained with the standard Limulus amebocyte lysate assay. This new assay provides a method for specific detection of Hib LOS in CSF samples and in aqueous laboratory fluids. This general methodology should also be useful for experimental research involving specific LPS/LOS molecules.
- Haemophilus influenzae type b
- Limulus amebocyte lysate method
- Monoclonal antibody
- Polymyxin B
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy