Specific systemic lupus erythematosus disease manifestations in the six months prior to conception are associated with similar disease manifestations during pregnancy

S. K. Tedeschi, E. Massarotti, H. Guan, A. Fine, B. L. Bermas, K. H. Costenbader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Past studies have focused on aggregate lupus disease activity during pregnancy and have produced conflicting results. Our study evaluated lupus activity based on involvement of five specific organ systems during the six months prior to conception and during pregnancy. We assessed 147 pregnancies among 113 women followed at Brigham and Women 's Lupus Center, 1990-2013. Organ-specific activity included hematologic disorder, nephritis, skin disease, arthritis, and serositis. We hypothesized that the presence of organ-specific activity six months prior to conception would increase the risk for that same type of activity during pregnancy. Our study population was 68% white; 100% had a positive ANA and 30% had a history of nephritis. Among women with organ-specific lupus activity during the six months before conception, the crude odds for the same type of activity during pregnancy was 7.7- to 32.5-fold higher compared to women without that type of activity immediately before conception. An adjusted logistic regression model also indicated significantly higher odds of organ-specific activity during pregnancy if that type of activity were present six months before conception. Approaching lupus based on specific organ systems may be a useful way for women and their physicians to consider the potential risk for disease activity during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1283-1292
Number of pages10
JournalLupus
Volume24
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 22 2015

Keywords

  • hematologic changes
  • nephritis
  • pregnancy
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

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