Src signaling has been implicated in several malignancies including melanoma. The prevalence of Src activation in human melanoma and the effect of the newer Src inhibitors, dasatinib, and bosutinib (SKI-606), as single agents or in combination, on melanoma cell lines is not well established. In the melanoma cell lines, A-375, SK-Mel-5, and SK-Mel-28, activity of Src inhibitors was assessed alone or in combination with standard chemotherapy agents; 50% growth inhibitory concentration was determined by MTS assay and immunoblotting was used to measure Src activation and downstream signaling. Staining for Src activation was measured by Src-phosphotyrosine 416. Immunohistochemistry was performed on primary cutaneous, mucosal, and metastatic melanoma. Src inhibitors blocked the growth of melanoma cell lines; furthermore, Src inhibitor treatment was synergized with cisplatin but not temozolomide or paclitaxel. Treatment with dasatanib increased the levels of pS473 Akt in A-375 melanoma cells but not in the other two cell lines. Forty-eight percent (17 of 35) of all melanoma stained weakly, moderately, or strongly for pY416 Src: cutaneous 61% (eight of 13), mucosal 31% (four of 13), metastatic 55% (five of nine). Most positive biopsies stained weakly and only one metastatic melanoma specimen stained strongly for Src-phosphotyrosine 416. pY416 Src is expressed in cutaneous, mucosal, and metastatic melanoma in various degrees. Src inhibitors may be a promising therapy in melanoma, either by themselves or in combination with chemotherapy (especially with platinum compounds) or inhibitors of the Akt/PI3k pathway.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research